Low Back Pain
Low back pain is an ache or discomfort in the area of the lower part of the spinal column that may radiate down into one or both legs. The lower spinal column consists of small, stacked bones (the vertebrae) that surround and protect the spinal cord and nerves.
Low Back Pain Causes
There are many possible causes for low back pain, including:
- – Sprain or strain of muscles or ligaments in the area.
- – Herniated disc or ruptured disc—the cushions between the bones of the spine bulge out of place as a result of age-related changes or trauma.
- – Disc degeneration—caused by arthritis or by the wear and tear of living plus aging.
- – Lumbar spinal stenosis —bony narrowing of the spinal canal in the low back area.
- – Spondylolisthesis —slippage of one bone over another, causing stretching or pinching of nerves.
- – Fractures due to trauma or osteoporosis.
- – Fibromyalgia —a condition that causes muscle aches and fatigue.
- – Ankylosing spondylitis —a disorder that causes spine stiffness and arthritis (believed to be hereditary)
- – In rare cases,
- – Benign or malignant tumors.
- – Infections.
- – Arterial problems, such as hardening of the arteries.